Japanese Matcha

 Matcha, or maccha, is a finely ground powder of specifically grown green tea leaves.  Shading of the tea bushes three weeks prior to harvesting reduces the bitterness and imparts a sweetness not typically found in sencha. 

 Originally developed in China, it grew in popularity between the 10th and 13th centuries and was subsequently brought to Japan.  While it fell out of favour in China eventually, it took hold in Japan to become the essence of Japanese green tea.